Friday, May 15, 2020

Top Logical Fallacies Examples and Discussions

For those who need a little refresher, here are some of the most common informal logical fallacies.It may have happened to you while reading comments on a blog, watching a political commercial, or listening to a talking head on a chat show. A mental alarm goes off signaling that what youre reading, watching, or listening to is utter claptrap and twaddle. For me, the BS alert sounded when I ran across these random observations in the Vox Populi column of the local newspaper: Learning how to swim does not guarantee you wont drown. Im 55 years old, have never learned to swim and I havent drowned.We need to pass a law that stupid people are not allowed to own pets.Im aggravated with spaghetti sauce with vegetables. I love vegetables, but I dont want them in my spaghetti sauce. Wheres our freedom going?Regarding the person who had to tote stuff at Wal-Mart; tote? Carry. What is wrong with people? You dont tote stuff, you carry it.The English language is the only language that should be spoken in the open and none other. This is the United States of America.Those of us who are true taxpaying, working Americans need to stand up and demand that people should have certain education, I.Q. and income levels to be able to vote for president or any major political office.Anyone who thinks that interest in books is waning hasnt paid much attention. I love the show Face the Nation and they recently had eight authors on!Isnt it amazing that Savannah is ranked as 10 on Americas most snobbish city [list] and that 10 percent of Savannahs population are Yankees?Obama shouldnt go to Marthas Vineyard. Every time he does, something major happens. At these head-slapping moments, it may help to recall some of those informal logical fallacies that we once studied in school. At least then we can put a name to the nonsense. In case you need a little refresher, here are 12 common fallacies. For examples and detailed discussions, click on the highlighted terms. Ad HominemA personal attack: that is, an argument based on the perceived failings of an adversary rather than on the merits of the case.Ad MisericordiamAn argument that involves an irrelevant or highly exaggerated appeal to pity or sympathy.BandwagonAn argument based on the assumption that the opinion of the majority is always valid: everyone believes it, so you should too.Begging the QuestionA fallacy in which the premise of an argument presupposes the truth of its conclusion; in other words, the argument takes for granted what its supposed to prove. Also known as a circular argument.Dicto SimpliciterAn argument in which a general rule is treated as universally true regardless of the circumstances: a sweeping generalization.False DilemmaA fallacy of oversimplification: an argument in which only two alternatives are provided when in fact additional options are available. Sometimes called the either-or fallacy.Name CallingA fallacy that relies on emotionally loaded terms to influence an audience.Non SequiturAn argument in which a conclusion doesnt follow logically from what preceded it.Post HocA fallacy in which one event is said to be the cause of a later event simply because it occurred earlier.Red HerringAn observation that draws attention away from the central issue in an argument or discussion.Stacking the DeckA fallacy in which any evidence that supports an opposing argument is simply rejected, omitted, or ignored.Straw ManA fallacy in which an opponents argument is overstated or misrepresented in order to be more easily attacked or refuted.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Horrors of Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation...

The Horrors of Animal Testing The torture and murder of millions of animals annually has been occurring for centuries now. Every year we ignore it, and every year the numbers grow. The act of vivisection or the practice of experimenting on animals began because of religious prohibitions against dissection of human corpses. After religious leaders lifted these prohibitions, it was too late. Vivisection had become a major part of medical and educational research. As well as major part of product testing in many companies. Experimenting and testing on animals is morally wrong because, it is inhumane and torturous. We, as a country, should not condone cruelty to animals. Why is it a person can be charged with a crime for not feeding†¦show more content†¦The number of animals tortured and killed annually in United States laboratories varies from seventeen to seventy million. These numbers come from the Animal Welfare Act, which requires the report of animals used in experiments. But, this act does not cover m ice, rats, and birds. These are the animals used in 80-90% of all experiments. Because these animals are not covered by the act, they remain unaccounted for. We can only imagine how many animals actually suffer and die each year. The three most prevalent uses for animals in testing are for medical purposes, product testing for companies, and educational purposes. Testing for medical purposes has been ongoing for several years. In fact, The National Institutes of Health in the United States is the largest funder of animal experiments. It uses seven billion tax dollars in grants annually, of which about five billion goes toward studies involving animals. The Department of Defense spent about 180 million on experiments using 553,000 animals in 1993. Examples of these torturous taxpayer funded experiments at military facilities include wound experiments, radiation experiments, studies on the effects of chemical warfare, and other deadly and maiming procedures. An example of how our money and animals lives are wasted is the AIDS experiments on chimpanzees. Animal experiments are not useful in how AIDS affects or infects humans. Even when injected with the AIDS virus chimpanzeesShow MoreRelatedAnimal Experimentatio n Essay812 Words   |  4 Pagespeople have been using animal experimentation to create new ways to help save the human race. There are people who believe that it does help, and that it is necessary to continue, while others oppose and want to fight for the elimination of animal experimentation. Scientists fight for the cures needed to help man kind, but struggle to do so as people fight against their work in progress. But as Jennifer A. Hurley stated, â€Å"History has already shown that animal experimentation is not essential to medicalRead MoreAnimal Testing Is Morally Wrong? Essay1373 Words   |  6 PagesHumans are animals, and as such it is morally wrong to use them to test pharmaceuticals intended for use by humans. Those who support animal experimentation believe it is a necessary evil, in part due to the false information put out by the media. The so-called benefits of animal testing have not helped humans for years, yet in many countries the law still requires research ers use animals to test their medications. In fact, although alternatives have been found, few steps have been taken to put anRead MoreAnimal Testing Is Bad Science1343 Words   |  6 PagesAnimals very rarely serve as models for the human body. Many people are brought up with the idea that animal experimentation is necessary to insure the safety of humans, but in reality, these experiments are creating only harm to animals. Animals have done nothing to deserve this backlash, and by educating the public on the true unsuccessfulness of animal testing, the ethical side is forced out in the open. The argument ‘Animal Testing is Bad Science’ by the People for The Ethical Treatment of AnimalsRead MoreAnimal Testing Is Morally Wrong? Essay1305 Words   |  6 PagesSeeing as humans are animals it is morally wrong to use animals to test human products. Due to the false information put out by the media, those who support animal believe what the media states about it being a ne cessary evil. The so-called benefits from animal testing have not helped humans for years, but is now legally required in many countries. Although alternatives have been found, few steps have been taken to put an end to animal experimentation. The way activists present their argument isRead MoreAnimal Experimentation Is Unnecessary and Cruel Essay946 Words   |  4 Pagesmillions of animals suffer through painful and unnecessary tests. Animals in laboratories all over the world live lives of deprivation, pain, isolation, and torture. Even though vast studies show that animal experimentation often lacks validity, leading to harmful human reactions, we still continue to use this method of experimentation, while many other less-expensive and more beneficial alternatives exist. Going beyond the issue of animal experimentation being morally wrong, this form of research is alsoRead MoreVivisection Essay example1710 Words   |  7 PagesEvery year in the USA about 70 million animals are experimented on (Monamy 34). Almost all these animals are euthanized after they are no longer needed. But I’m not going to focus on the moral aspect of this subject because that would be a never ending argument of opinions. After doing research I found that there are more important reasons why this practice should be modified. Our government’s dependence on vivisection should be toned down or totally replaced because it is misleading, its faultyRead MoreAnimal Testing Is An Act Of Animal Cruelty952 Words   |  4 Pagesmillions of animals are stuck inside cold, locked cages in laboratories across the country. They dwindle in pain, throb with loneliness, and yearn to roam free and use their own minds. Instead, all they do is lie and wait in despair for the next terrifying and agonizing operation that is to be performed on them. They shudder and wince in fear whenever someone walks past their cage. After surviving lives of pain, isolation, and horror, near to all of t hem will be killed. Although animal testing bringsRead MoreEssay On Animal Rights7500 Words   |  30 PagesNellon 2 October, 2017 The Fight for Animal Rights There is a problem that plagues America, a problem which you are the judge, in which you decide whether to give the helpless victims a life or pain and misery or provide them with a long happy life. This problem is animal cruelty. Animal cruelty as many of us know is the mistreatment of the animals, and can also be categorized as animal abuse or animal neglect. But what most of us don’t know is just how common animal cruelty takes place and affectsRead MoreAnimal Experimentation : Imagine An Innocent, Adorable Rabbit2048 Words   |  9 PagesEmma Knorr English 151 September 13, 2014 Animal Experimentation Imagine an innocent, adorable rabbit. This rabbit is contained in a cage so small that he cannot turn around or sitdown. There is a burning sensation in his eye so painful that he can barely stand it, but he cannot reach it because his legs are bound in the cage. He is fed minimal amounts of food and given barely enough water to survive. With his good eye he can see dozens of rabbits around him stuck in the same situation. Read MorePersuasive Essay On Animal Testing1521 Words   |  7 Pagesmillion animals are killed each year in the name of animal testing. Now as some might say that sacrifice is needed for the common good, it is safe to say that animal testing may be taking it over the top to get such test results for the common good. Animal testing has been a common practice for many years to get results and side effects for food, drugs, pesticides, beauty products, and just about everything one uses in an average day. But now, in the modern world where ethics and animals rig hts

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Sedimentary Rocks 5

Sedimentary Rocks 5-3 Question Answer What is the order that sedimentary rocks form. Compaction, Erosion, Cementation, Deposition. The order that sedimentary rock forms is: Erosion; Deposition; Compaction; Cementation. What is erosion? Wind or Rain wash away soil, sand or wears down rocks. What is Deposition? When wind or rain slows down the particles that wear away settle and build up. They get deposited in one location and build up. What is Compaction? It is when layers and layers of particles build up and over time become compacted by the weight of the layers. What is cementation? cementation is when dissolved minerals crystallize and glue the particles together. What is Clastic Rock? Clastic rock sedimentary roc that forms when rock fragments are squeezed together. What are examples of clastic rock? Clastic rock examples are sandstone, conglomerate rock, limestone made of dissolved calcite, Breccia Rock or shale. What is Organic Rock? Organic rock is sedimentary rock that forms from the remains of plants and animals. What are examples of Organic rock? Organic rock examples are: Limestone made form seashells, coal. What is Chemical Rock? Chemical rock is sedimentary rock that forms when minerals dissolved in a solution crystallize. What are examples of Chemical Rock? Chemical rock examples are rock salt or gypsum. What does erosion mean? Erosion is the process in which water or wind loosen and carry away rock fragments. What is clastic rock? Clastic rock is sedimentary rock that forms when rock fragments are squeezed together. What is sediment? Sediment are small, solid pieces of material from rocks or living things. What is cementation?(Hint: Cement) cementation is the process in which dissolved minerals crystallize and glue sediments together. What is organic rock? Organic rock is sedimentary rock that forms from the remains of plants and animals. What is compaction? Compaction is the process that presses sediment together. What is a chemical rock? A chemical rock is made up of sedimentary rock that forms when minerals dissolved in a s solution crystallize. What is Deposition? Deposition is the process by which sediment settles out of wind or water.

Monday, April 13, 2020

The Change Analysis Google and Twitter

In the realm of the 21st century, economic expansion seems to have become the key to successful evolution of a company. The examples of Google and Twitter prove the necessity for a company to grow by adopting the strategy of mergers and acquisitions.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Change Analysis: Google and Twitter specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Despite the fact that both companies have a unique pattern of development, they still have a range of points of contact in terms of the images of managing change that they had to go through and, therefore, being pressured into change by similar factors. A closer look at the current strategy adopted by the Google, Inc. will reveal that the company is clearly putting a very strong emphasis onto the function of a Nurturer. To be more exact, the organization is obviously doing its best in facilitating the cooperation between different departments of the organization a nd therefore, making the performance of these departments more cohesive. The necessity to reconsider the course of the company’s processes and reinforce the communication processes between different departments is quite obvious. As an IT company, Google, Inc. must Twitter in its turn, seems to be focused on the process of nurturing to a much greater degree than Google, though the latter is also clearly searching for non-trivial ways of solving the problems that it encounters on a regular basis within the global market (Siganos, 2013). In the Twitter, Inc., however, the concept of nurturing seems to have been the basis for the company’s functioning since its very foundation. Indeed, if considering the vision and mission of the Twitter, Inc., one will be able to spot the fact that the organization is geared towards not only recognizing all stakeholders as equally valuable, but also to see information as the key value and the necessity to distribute the acquired data amon g all stakeholders fairly, therefore, preventing any possible conflicts from happening (Sprangler, 2013). When it comes to defining the rest of the images of managing change, one must admit that, in Google and Twitter, these are somehow downplayed. It would be wrong to claim that neither of the companies uses such a powerful tool as the image of a coach – quite on the contrary, recent researches show that both organizations are eager for enhancing the core values for the staff to comply with.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, in the world of global economy, common values are quite hard to retain, and both Google and Twitter understand it pretty well (Jansen, ‎2009). As a result, the companies seem to have shaken off their unique definitions of coaching, as well as making the role of the Director less obvious, in order to promote change through expansion i nto the world market. While such a decision might seem flawed, on a larger scale, it is very wise, since it allows for a maximum flexibility for the companies to operate in (Steiber Alà ¤nge, 2013). Although Google and Twitter represent entirely different approaches towards building relationships with customers and conquering the market, some of the images of managing change in both companies cross at some point, which creates the premises for developing similar pressures for change. As a close analysis of the acquisitions made by Google and twitter shows, both organizations are aiming at topping the list of the most influential IT companies of the era; more importantly, both firms are willing to navigate efficiently in the sea of the global market. Hence, such images of managing change as the Navigator and the Nurturer are emphasized greatly in both companies, whereas the roles of a caretaker and coach are downplayed. Reference List Jansen, ‎B. (2009). Twitter power: Tweets as electronic word of mouth. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 60(11), 2169–2220. Siganos, A. (2013). Google attention and target price run ups. International Review of Financial Analysis, 29(3), 219–226.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Change Analysis: Google and Twitter specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Sprangler, T. (2013). Twitter nets social-TV startup blue fin. Multichannel News, 34(6), 22. Steiber, A. Alà ¤nge, S. (2013). Do TQM principles need to change? Learning from a comparison to Google Inc. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 26(4), 473–486. This essay on The Change Analysis: Google and Twitter was written and submitted by user Gabriella Becker to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Wednesday, March 11, 2020

Narrative Techniques Used in Shakespeares The Tempest

Narrative Techniques Used in Shakespeares The Tempest There is rigid difference between mimic techniques in theatrical performance and literary representation of the play. In particular, the former allow to demonstrate certain actions and convey feelings with the help of gestures, eye contact, silence, and other nonverbal patterns of behavior.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Narrative Techniques Used in Shakespeare’s The Tempest specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In contrast, literary presentation is narrowed to language resources, imagination, and cultural propriety which are the only tools for understanding the boundaries between supernatural and human actions. In this regard, Shakespeare makes use of specific narrative techniques while depicting certain actions and events in his play the Tempest. The playwright resorts to tricky narrative elements that make the play be reminiscent of palimpsest, a world of illusions and fictitious perception. The protagonists of the play refer to different genres and stylistics decides within one discourse to underscore social subordination and concept of freedom. A density of narrative elements used in the play creates dynamics between the character and the plot, motif and problem by including techniques implied by the sources. Those attractive variations ignite explanation and expansion. Due to the fact that The Tempest is more typical of a â€Å"science fiction† genre, a reader expects to see a male protagonist of great intellectual gifts who appears to be isolated and who should exert all his intelligence and power to solve the problem of survival. His solitary existence, hence, is revealed in deficiency in intercourse and cooperation with other characters in the play. Prospero is unlikely to be engage in dialogues with other characters; so, all his solutions seem to be mechanical and even robotic. While analyzing these aspects in general, it is possible to understand whether a character is a hu man or not, associative or reserved. More importantly, a reader can also understand the extra factors influencing characters’ actions, decisions, making contextual means a powerful literary device as well.Advertising Looking for essay on british literature? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Protagonists of the play resort to different stylistic genres of communication revealing their social and class affiliation. This can be explicitly viewed in case of Calliban’s speaking in iambic pentameter comparing to Trinculo’s narrative in blank verse. While referring to more advanced and sophisticated verse forms, one can notice Caliban’s superiority and higher social position, which is seen in this poetical expression. In contrast, Trinculo’s narrative is presented in mundane prose, which is typical of working class. Additionally, Caliban’s beauty of the language empowers him with grea ter advantage over Trinculo. His narrative, therefore, provokes more sympathy and compassion as fight for freedom seems much more persuasive when conveyed by poetical means. In general, narrative means that both characters make use of define their social status and affiliation to a particular estate regardless of Calibain’s being enslaved by Prospero. In conclusion, narrative techniques used in Shakespeare’s The Tempest are mostly directed at depicting character’s social affiliation, their intelligence level, and salient features. In particular, through literary representation, it is possible to identify Prospero’s unsociability and reluctance to cooperate with other characters, Caliban’s desperate fight for freedom and rights, and Trinculo’s veritable origin and position in society. Further more, using specific stylistic devices, such as allegory and metaphors, Shakespeare strives to endow the play with a shade of uncertainty, supernatural controlled by the reason. Using language resources and various densities of dialogues and discourses, the author also succeeds in providing fictitious perception of the play.

Monday, February 24, 2020

Research professional associations specific to your career field or Assignment

Research professional associations specific to your career field or industry - Assignment Example For the nearly two and a half years I have been associated to this group, we have been meeting 2-3 times a month mostly on Saturdays. Every meeting has a structured format, which also runs between 3-3 hours, with a number of members taking part in the diverse roles, in the meetings. We are normally 39 members at our club. Membership is open to every individual above the age of 18 and hoping to enhance their leadership and communications skills. This organization has helped me a lot enhance my veterinary technician career. I learned through the organization that people who have better communication skills stand a good chance of getting better jobs compared to people who have the required academic qualifications, but poor communication skills. My days at this organization have greatly shaped my communication skills. At least I can stand in front of a group of people and offer a clear presentation and they understand. Two years back this was merely impossible. We are located in California State, Rancho Santa Margarita, and you can reach us at 1-646-558-5908. You can also visit our website @

Friday, February 7, 2020

Life Science Reflections Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Life Science Reflections - Essay Example It is different when we understand the science of life. Through it, we see the relationship of life within and without them and all needing each other to support and sustain life. By studying life science, I understood that all lives are interrelated. This relationship is not limited to lives other species but also to the internal mechanism within the body of each living organism. Within it, there is a universe of functions that make an organism breathe, move, fly, walk and any other function associated with life. Life science also makes me appreciate nature more. By understanding how the birds fly and how the fish able to stay underwater makes me wonder about the life mechanism that makes them do these things. I also understand that the forest is not just a bunch of trees but a collection of life that needs each other to live and thrive. I also learn that they are better off on their own as nature have its own way of taking care of its own. I also realized that we humans are in fact the biggest threat to lives other than ourselves. Corollary to this, I fully understood what ecosystem is really all about. I realized that it is not just the interrelationship of lives in nature that needs each other survive. It is a principle of creating the ideal environment that sustains life and activity. It tells us human beings not to disrupt them because each creature, each life is important for the entire cycle of life to exist. This principle can even be applied to our lives of not disrupting the ecosystem that makes us thrive. Through the understanding of life science, I also learn how to become more respectful of life and how take care of life more. I saw their strength and their weakness as well. They can be fragile when abused but can quite be resilient when left on their own. I also learned that nature has its own way of healing itself. I also learned that